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Common name
Species
Plant
Seedheads and flowers
Leaves and stems
Seed
Additional information
Cool season (C3) perennial grass species
perennial ryegrass
Lolium perenne L.
ryegrass seed head with anthers ryegrass infected with ergot
orchardgrass
(or cocksfoot)
Dactylis glomerata L.
 orchardgrass infected with ergot
tall fescue
Festuca arundinacea L.
fescue infected with ergot
Stockpiling fescue
Fescue toxicosis
Kentucky bluegrass
Poa pratensis
smooth bromegrass
Bromus inermis
 
quackgrass
Elytrigia repens
(formerly Agropyron)
quackgrass infected with ergot
reed canarygrass
Phalaris arundinacea
timothy
Phleum pratense
bentgrass
(or red top)
Agrostis palustris (Huds.)
A. alba
L.
 
velvetgrass
(or Yorkshire fog)
Holcus lanatus L.
 
Cool season (C3) annual grass species
Oats
Avena sativa L.
Winter rye
Secale cerealeL.
annual ryegrass
Lolium multiflorum Lam.
 
downy brome
Bromus tectorum
Warm season (C4) perennial grass species
sideoats grama
Bouteloua curtipendula
switchgrass
Panicum virgatum
big bluestem
Andropogon gerardii
brome sedge
Andropogon virginicus
bermudagrass
Cyanodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
 
Warm season (C4) annual grass species
sorghum-sudangrass
Sorghun bicolor x sudanese hybrids
   
barnyard grass
Echinochloa crusgalli
teff
Eragrostis teff
 
Legume species
white clover or
ladino clover
Trifolium repens
alsike clover
Trifolium hybridum
red clover
Trifolium pratense
alfalfa
Medicago sativa

Fall alfalfa management
kura clover or
caucasian clover
Trifolium ambiguum
sweet clover
Melilotus indica
birdsfoot trefoil
Lotus
corniculatus
L
black medic
Medicago lupulina
crown vetch
Securigera varia

previously
Coronilla varia
hairy vetch
Vicia villosa
hop clover
Trifolium dubium
crimson clover
Trifolium incarnatum
Korean lespedeza
Kummerowia stipulacea
Other species (forbs)
chicory
Cichorium intybus
burdock
turnip/rape/canola
Brassica rapa
Brassica napus
Brassicas for forage

plantain
Plantago spp?

forage plantain
Plantago lanceolata

 
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